Where there is Hari, Kali cannot be and where there is Kali, Hari won’t be. The proper solution for Kali is Hari, that is why let us keep Him in the heart and begin the pravachana.
What is given to us, is better off being given to somebody else. It is said, “दानं भोगो नाश: तिस्रोगत्य: भवन्ति वित्तस्य”, which means- wealth should be useful either for us or for others, else it will be destroyed. Therefore, use whatever is required and give away the remaining for charity.
If you try to save more than needed, it will be lost. The water in the well remains fresh only if provision for fresh water to fill is made. Otherwise the stagnant water will become dirty and get spoilt, which will be a loss. Hence proper use of it must be made.
In a similar way, that money which is not in use, will simply rot away. Therefore, anything that we have must not be stocked, but should be put to proper use.
Rituparna was stuck now; he had both Sankhyaana and Akshavidya in him. Sankhyaana means Mathematics; even today we are able to see such great people who have excelled in Mathematics. This knowledge in him which had been a secret all these days, was revealed and he told this to Nala himself. This affected Nala’s mind and he decided he would not leave the king without conquering him. The scriptures say so.
विद्यया सह मर्तव्यं|
This means only a deserving person should be given education after searching. In case he is not found, let it end with you. In this way, deserving people should be educated. If it is given to undeserving people, Vidya (education) will be angry and will curse even.
Not only education, but anything should be given only to deserving people, otherwise in a similar way curses will follow. They are all forms of Goddess Lakshmi, and are mysterious only when given to such people. Here, Rituparna also had the same problem, but Nala was not asking for it simply, instead for the Ashvahridaya in him in return.
Also, he had the requirement of Baahuka to reach Vidarbha. Right from his childhood, Rituparna was interested in Ashvashastra and after seeing Baahuka tie frail horses that were at Rituparna’s place which ran at a lightening speed, had developed greed for Ashvashastra now.
In this manner, due to the importance of the upcoming event and the greed for education, Rituparna finally agreed. This was what said by Karkotaka to Nala; all this would take place in the future, there would be a good opportunity and advised him to be in disguise till then. If he stayed in his original guise as Nala, he wouldn’t be able to complete the work, and the proposal for education would not have come. And even Rituparna had many reasons to refuse then.
A work is said to be as easy as peeling off the banana skin, or as difficult as peeling a jackfruit- hands become sticky, it’s juice and the thick skin give a hard time too. But, will a banana be easy to peel even when it is raw? It is easier only after a period of time, after it grows and ripens.
Similarly, it was difficult for Nala to get the Akshavidya earlier because the time was not ripened. Thus, Karkota’s words were fruitful now.
Nala was clever, knowledgeable and well aware of politics. The fact that he didn’t have any bad qualities was the only defect in him. How could this be a defect? Yes, nowadays being good is also a defect in this world.
Time has become like that. Raama had said the same thing to Lakshmana- “My arrows are better than my softness”, while praying to the King of the Ocean to provide them space for building a bridge to cross over to Lanka.
Rituparna felt this was the right time and he agreed by saying, “Okay, as per your wish, I shall you give the Akshavidya and Sankhyaana. But keep the Ashvavidya that I need to yourself. I’ll ask for it in the future when I need it.”
Today if you ask- “Is this business? Is this right?”, we may say it is not. But from those times, many such examples can be taken, where what is kept in deposit is used in future when necessary.
Rituparna was not stupid. Why he said so was because even though he had belief in Baahuka, his concern was to save time and reach Vidarbha soon since it was already getting late.
He agreed to educate because by sharing, knowledge only increases but does not decrease. Our understanding increases as it is taught to others. Also, now he had 2 reasons. One is that they can reach Vidarbha soon and the other is he can learn Ashvahridaya vidya. Knowledge is exchangeable. Shastra tells 3 ways to gain knowledge. One is by serving Guru, that is by staying at gurukula, solving difficulties according to the rules and impressing gurus to gain knowledge. Second way is to give away great wealth to gain knowledge. Third way is through vidyavinimaya which is to exchange one’s knowledge with others knowledge. Apart from these there is no fourth way to gain knowledge. Here first two is not possible by Baahuka and being a great king, he will not beg. So, he agreed for the third way. Like this Rituparna gained Ashvahrudaya vidya and Nala gained Akshavidya. Once this happened, the evil power could not stay in Nala. As the knowledge resided in Nala, one ugly figure came out of his body. It came out vomiting darker coloured liquid. Nala surprisingly saw it but the other two could not see it. As the liquid from its mouth lessened, the figure became clearer, which was nothing but kali himself. The liquid from his mouth was the Karkotaka venom. Without harming Nala’s body, it had just occupied Kali and made him suffer. Kali was still inside Nala withstanding all these suffers. But when akshavidya entered Nala, with no choice Kali had to come out. The thing which we should remember here is that, we cannot burn others without getting burned. Burning others will definitely burn the self. Also, there is different result of the curse. Let us see that later.
That figure which was vomiting Karkotaka venom was confirmed as Kali. Karkotaka snake had said earlier that because of the entry of Kali into Nala’s body, he had lost in the gamble and left his wife alone in the forest. Now he came out. Venom is not always dangerous. It can turn into a medicine as well. In this world, nobody can stamp anything that it is bad.
When Kali came out, Nala was extremely angry on him. With the anger for suffering so much by Kali even after not doing any mistake, Nala came forward to curse Kali. One who gives the curse should have tapahshakti (power of penance) and punyasanchaya (accumulation of virtues). There are some who curse for everything. Nothing happens from them and for some others, it might turn into a boon. So, there is no need to get scared for every curse. Where there is penance and Dharma, only there the curse yields. There is Dharma in Nala and he is a great king. Since kings are the ones who arrange the school, house, water, power to the people, they have 1/6th part of paapa-punya of the people. That is why it is told ‘राजा राष्ट्रगतं पापं’.
A king who is in the path of Dharma never allows sin to happen in his state. He aptly punishes those who commit sins. Hence even a sinner will be purified in his state, the state shall also be pure. This the correct code for punishment.
A king who follows Dharma, is naturally a Raajarshi (a saintly king). Because, he is entitled to the virtues of crores of citizens and also, he punishes the sinners aptly. Nala too was the same, his was a life of Dharma, a life where he never uttered a lie. For a one who always speaks truth, what he speaks shall become true. It is the feature of the natural holding on truth one shall have. It is because of that, Nala went to curse Kali. What did Kali do then? Till then, he had been immersed in Karkotaka’s venom inside Nala’s body. He feared to hear the curse as soon as he came out of it. He fell to Nala’s feet and was trembling. He who had the ability to shake the whole world, started to shiver. He knew that Nala was compassionate to anyone who surrendered to him. He pleaded “Wait a minute, oh king! Listen to my word. Don’t be angry; I will make your name to be remembered for long if you don’t curse me. Do you know how much have I suffered inside? Three fires were burning me every time; first one- residing in your body of Dharma, second one- Karkotaka’s venom and the third and the most important one- the curse of your wife when you abandoned her. She had cursed me that the one who was responsible for it should suffer more than you. Already I have suffered so much, now don’t curse me again.” Damayanti had cursed Kali severely that the person responsible for Nala’s plight should live a life which is worse than death. A Kannada proverb says “May the sad one never curse, may the people who just had lunch never praise”. That sorrow and the sigh itself becomes the curse, no need of any other curse. So, we should take care that we should not cause anyone to cry or sigh. It is sufficient for bringing down the life if a pativrata cries and curses. Manu says “If a woman cries, the weal and the happiness of that whole family will go down.” Even Raavan was killed due to the same reason, says Uttarakanda. Raavan had kidnapped thousands of women forcefully and had arrested them. The women’s tears were enough for his end; moreover, they had cursed that he should face death because of a holy woman. Also, Seetha too had cursed him during her abduction that he should be destroyed completely. All these cumulated and brought such grand and powerful Raavan to zero. Here, we see Kali having trouble even to say Damayanti’s name, whom he had planned to marry. He had troubled Nala up to hell for obstructing his marriage with Damayanti, but now he could not even say her name. In this way, pativrata women save their husbands too out of their power. Kali entered into a business dialogue with Nala saying that if he spared him then he would not even touch those who just remember his name. He pleaded Nala to spare him. He told that in all yugas, he would not trouble those who sincerely remember Nala’s name. What we give to the world will bounce back to us amplified. If we see our face being dirty in a mirror, then it is the fault of our face, not of the mirror. Doing good or bad to noble ones will yield result ten times that of what we did. Kali is suffering even in Kaliyuga, he can’t stay where he hears Nala’s name. We have the opportunity of uplifting ourselves by uttering Nala’s name sincerely with love, but not with laziness or negligence.
Nala’s anger had not come down even then. But he controlled his anger. Kali observed it and ran away. He resided in the Vibheetaka tree there, and from that day the tree became discarded. It became a place of evil powers. It was added to the list of unholy things. Nala was contented thereafter, he was happy. He was filled with the whole world’s happiness. He was filled with a brilliant radiance. He was bright like the moon after eclipse. He climbed the chariot. He was much more enthusiastic then. Even the horses felt much more powerful and ran more swiftly like the birds in the sky. Rituparna and Vaarshneya were unaware of the events happened as the incident was latent and it was between the souls. They thought that Nala was wasting their time. But they were happy for the amplified speed. Nala travelled to Vidarbha with a great speed.
Let us wait till tomorrow to see what happens when they reach Vidarbha.
TattvaBhaagavatam a special discourse by Sri Sri RaghaveshwaraBharathi Mahaswamiji: full Video :